Actin polymerization dynamics regulated by actin-binding proteins are essential for various cellular functions. The cofilin family of proteins are potent regulators of actin severing and filament disassembly. The structural basis for cofilin-isoform-specific severing activity is poorly understood as their high-resolution structures in complex with filamentous actin (F-actin) are lacking. Here, we present the atomic-resolution structure of the muscle-tissue-specific isoform, cofilin-2 (CFL2), assembled on ADP-F-actin, determined by magic-angle-spinning (MAS) NMR spectroscopy and data-guided molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. We observe an isoform-specific conformation for CFL2. This conformation is the result of a unique network of hydrogen bonding interactions within the α2 helix containing the non-conserved residue, Q26. Our results indicate F-site interactions that are specific between CFL2 and ADP-F-actin, revealing mechanistic insights into isoform-dependent F-actin disassembly.