Current Opinion in Virology
Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations across spatiotemporal resolutions are widely applied to study viruses and represent the central technique uniting the field of computational virology. We discuss the progress of MD in elucidating the dynamics of the viral life cycle, including the status of modeling intact extracellular virions and leveraging advanced simulations to mimic active life cycle processes. We further remark on the prospects of MD for continued contributions to the basic science characterization of viruses, especially given the increasing availability of high-quality experimental data and supercomputing power. Overall, integrative computational methods that are closely guided by experiments are unmatched in the level of detail they provide, enabling — now and in the future — new discoveries relevant to thwarting viral infection.